What is Nanotechnology?

Nanotechnoogy is comprised of science, engineering, and technology which is conducted at the nanoscale level (1-100 nanometers).

Fundamental Concepts in Nanotechnology

It’s no secret that nanotechology is small! In fact, it’s difficult to envision exactly how small nanotechology really is. One nanometer is a billionth of a meter, or 10-9 of a meter. Here are a few illustrative examples:

  • There are about 25,400,000 nanometers in an inch
  • A sheet of newspaper is about 100,000 nanometers thick
  • On a comparative scale, if a marble were a nanometer, then one meter would be the size of the Earth

How Nanotechnology Started

Even before the term “nanotechnology” was coined by Professor Norio Taniguchi during his explorations of ultraprecision machining, physicist Richard Feyman referenced the ideas and concepts supported by nanoscience and nanotechology in his talk, entitled “There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom” back in 1959 at the American Physical Society meeting at the California Institute of Technology.

In his discourse, Feyman began early discussions around the process which enabled scientists to control the deployment of individual atoms and molecules. However, it wasn’t until the early 1980’s when modern nanotechnology officially began, with the development of the scanning tunnelling microscope that had the ability to actually see atoms.

Fundamental Concepts in Nanotechnology

Nanoscience and nanotechnology are associated with the ability to see and control individual atoms and molecules. Just about everything in this world contains atoms, including the food we consume, the garments we dawn, the structural developments such as buildings and houses we work and live in, as well as our own bodies.

However, because atoms are so small, it is literally impossible to see them with the naked eye. In fact, the typical microscopes used in science classes to teach high school aged students often don’t have the capacity to see them. Fortunately, specialized microscopes that can drill down and see things at the nanoscale were invented nearly 30 years ago to allow for this targeted viewing.

While modern nanoscience and nanotechology are considered to be fairly new, the truth is that nanoscale materials have been in use for nearly centuries. For example, different-sized gold and silver particles have been used by artists to create colours in stained glassed windows of historic churches and cathedrals hundreds of years ago. They just didn’t realize it at the time. Scientists and engineers in today’s world however, are discovering several different ways to intentionally make materials at the nanoscale in order to reap the benefits of their enriched properties. These include specific advantages such as increased strength, lighter weight, more control of light spectrum and overall greater chemical reactivity.

About Us

Starting in the mid 2000’s, the founders of Nanovation Partners LLC sponsored research at the University of California at San Diego (UCSD) in the lab of Sungho Jin, PhD. This research showed enhanced osseointegration and reduced implant surface infection by forming thousands of rows of tiny metal oxide nanotubes

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